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May Measurement Month 2018: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from Australia

Citation

Carnagarin, R and Fonseca, R and Brockman, D and Critchley, S and Tan, I and Trengove, N and Tan, K and Lambert, GW and Cowley, D and Burrel, LM and Poulter, NR and Beaney, T and Ster, AC and Xia, X and Schlaich, MP, May Measurement Month 2018: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from Australia, European Heart Journal Supplements, 22, (Supplement H) pp. H17-H19. ISSN 1520-765X (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright The Author(s) 2020. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

DOI: doi:10.1093/eurheartj/suaa018

Abstract

May Measurement Month (MMM), originally initiated as a temporary solution to address the lack of blood pressure (BP) screening programs worldwide, emerged as an effective annual campaign to increase the awareness of hypertension. MMM18, a cross-sectional survey of volunteers aged 18 years was carried out during May 2018 predominantly in capital cities across Australia following the standard MMM protocol. Blood pressure screening along with additional information including anthropometric data and responses to questionnaires on demographic, lifestyle, and environmental factors were collected from 3 352 individuals across Australia. After multiple imputation, 1 026 (30.6%) adult Australians had hypertension. Of the 2 936 individuals not on antihypertensive treatment, 610 (20.8%) were hypertensive, and 237 (57.1%) of the 416 individuals receiving antihypertensive treatment had uncontrolled BP. In line with MMM17 results and other previous surveys, MMM18 revealed that close to onethird of the screened population (30.6%) had hypertension, 57.1% of individuals treated with BP-lowering medication remained uncontrolled indicating suboptimal management of the condition in the majority of patients. Most importantly, only 49.0% of those with hypertension were aware of their elevated BP, highlighting lack of awareness of elevated BP in nearly half of the affected population. Elevated BP was directly associated with alcohol consumption, overweight, and obesity. Our findings demonstrate the need for (i) continued efforts to increase BP awareness in the population, (ii) optimization of BP management strategies, and (iii) tackling some of the major contributors to BP elevation, including alcohol consumption and obesity

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:hypertension, blood pressure, screening, treatment, control, awareness
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Fonseca, R (Mr Ricardo Fonseca Diaz)
ID Code:140613
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-08-31
Last Modified:2020-09-11
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

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