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The Antarctic Treaty System: challenges and opportunities


Haward, M, The Antarctic Treaty System: challenges and opportunities, Waikato Law Review, 27 pp. 6-16. ISSN 1172-9597 (2020) [Refereed Article]


Over the last 60 years, the scope of international governance of Antarctica has steadily expanded in scope. In 1959, during the geopolitical tension of the early cold-war period, the Antarctic Treaty was formed by the twelve original states to primarily prevent security competition in the Antarctic region. From its very creation, resolution or at least management of geopolitical tension has been a core norm of the Antarctic Treaty. This instrument was negotiated and entered into force during a period of heightened Cold War competition between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Antarctic Treaty effectively managed this tension by demilitarising the Antarctic continent and directing all human presence on the continent towards peaceful use and scientific research. Throughout its history the Antarctic Treaty has been viewed as a successful example of international governance because of its successful responses to internal and external pressures.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctic Treaty, Antarctic Treaty System, international organisations, international relations
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Political science
Research Field:International relations
Objective Division:Law, Politics and Community Services
Objective Group:International relations
Objective Field:International organisations
UTAS Author:Haward, M (Professor Marcus Haward)
ID Code:140601
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2020-08-30
Last Modified:2021-11-04

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