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Over-the-counter medicines: global perspective and Indian scenario


Marathe, PA and Kamat, SK and Tripathi, RK and Raut, SB and Khatri, NP, Over-the-counter medicines: global perspective and Indian scenario, Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, 66, (1) pp. 28-34. ISSN 0022-3859 (2020) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 Journal of Postgraduate Medicine. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.4103/jpgm.JPGM_381_19


Patients often approach a pharmacist instead of visiting a doctor for minor ailments such as cough, cold, allergies, pain, fever, acidity, diarrhea, and skin-related conditions. Purchase of specific medicines over the counter is legally recognized in most countries. 'Over-the-Counter (OTC) Medicines' means drugs which are legally allowed to be sold by pharmacists without need for a prescription. The term does not have a legal definition in India. Technically, drugs are OTC unless they are specifically stated as prescription only drugs. OTC drugs allow faster and cheaper access to healthcare; however, their misuse and adverse health effects cause concerns. This article describes concept of OTC medicines and practices in India against the background of globally prevalent regulations and practices. A recognized category of OTC medicines by law, patient awareness programs, and support of pharmacists and pharmaceutical companies are required to optimize the use of OTC medicines in India.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:drugs and cosmetics act, nonprescription drugs, over-the-counter, self-medications
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Health related to specific ethnic groups
UTAS Author:Raut, SB (Dr Sanket Raut)
ID Code:140575
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2020-08-27
Last Modified:2021-10-28
Downloads:8 View Download Statistics

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