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Social behaviors of children with ASD during play with siblings and parents: parental perceptions


O'Brien, ZK and Cuskelly, M and Slaughter, V, Social behaviors of children with ASD during play with siblings and parents: parental perceptions, Research in Developmental Disabilities, 97 Article 103525. ISSN 0891-4222 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2019 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103525


Background: Both siblings and parents are important interactional partners for children with ASD, but we know little about whether these interactions differ between these two groups, or between older and younger siblings.

Aims: To gather data about how parents perceive the interactional behaviors displayed by their child with ASD in play with their typically developing siblings and their parents.

Methods and procedures: Parents completed a questionnaire developed for this study about the behaviors their children with ASD demonstrated when interacting with a sibling or parent. Following factor analysis, a 29-item instrument with two factors was revealed. Factors were labelled Prosocial Interaction and Withdrawal/Agonism.

Outcomes and results: In some families, children with ASD were reported to display significantly higher levels of negative interaction when playing with their older siblings in comparison to younger siblings. When playing with their children with ASD, parents reported significantly more negative interactions compared to when their children with ASD played with younger siblings. There were few differences reported for play behaviors with parents versus older siblings.

Conclusions and implications: Children with ASD appear to display different interactional behaviors depending upon their play partners within the family unit. This study could be used to inform researchers of different interaction strategies which may be useful in creating interventions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:autism spectrum disorder, ASD, siblings, parents, family, interaction, communication, play, theory of mind
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Child and adolescent development
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Disability and functional capacity
UTAS Author:Cuskelly, M (Professor Monica Cuskelly)
ID Code:140539
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2020-08-26
Last Modified:2021-08-25

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