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Mask versus nasal prong leak and intermittent hypoxia during continuous positive airway pressure in very preterm infants

Citation

Poets, CF and Lim, K and Marshall, A and Jackson, H and Gale, TJ and Dargaville, PA, Mask versus nasal prong leak and intermittent hypoxia during continuous positive airway pressure in very preterm infants, Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition pp. F1-F3. ISSN 1359-2998 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020.

DOI: doi:10.1136/archdischild-2020-319092

Abstract

Background: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) can be applied via binasal prongs or nasal masks; both may be associated with air leak and intermittent hypoxia. We investigated whether the latter is more frequent with nasal masks or prongs.

Methods: Continuous 24 hours recordings of inspired oxygen fraction (FiO2), pulse rate, respiratory rate, pulse oximeter saturation (SpO2) and CPAP level were made in preterm infants with respiratory insufficiency (n=20) managed on CPAP in the NICU at the Royal Hobart Hospital. As part of routine care, nasal interfaces were alternated 4-hourly between mask and prongs. In each recording, the first two segments containing at least 3 hours of artefact-free signal for each interface were selected. Recordings were analysed for episodes with hypoxaemia (SpO2 <80% for ≥10 s) and bradycardia (pulse rate <80/min for ≥4 s) and for episodes of pressure loss at the nasal interface. Data were compared using Wilcoxon-matched pairs test and are reported as median (IQR).

Results: Infants had a gestational age at birth of 26 (25-27) weeks and postnatal age of 17 (14-24) days. There was no difference in %time with interface leak between prong and mask (0.9 (0-8)% vs 1.1 (0-18)%, p=0.82), %time with SpO2 <80% (0.15 (0-1.2)% vs 0.06 (0-0.8)%, p=0.74) or heart rate <80/min (0.03 (0-0.2)% vs 0 (0-0.2)%, p=0.64). Three infants had interface leak for >10% of the time with prongs and 5 with the mask.

Conclusion: Both interfaces resulted in a similarly stable provision of positive airway pressure, and there was also no difference in the occurrence of intermittent hypoxia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:monitoring, neonatology, sleep
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Paediatrics
Research Field:Paediatrics not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Neonatal and child health
UTAS Author:Lim, K (Ms Kathleen Lim)
UTAS Author:Marshall, A (Mr Andrew Marshall)
UTAS Author:Gale, TJ (Dr Timothy Gale)
UTAS Author:Dargaville, PA (Professor Peter Dargaville)
ID Code:140442
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-08-18
Last Modified:2020-09-04
Downloads:0

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