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Measuring alcohol use-related shame and guilt: Development and validation of the Perceptions of Drinking Scale

Citation

Treeby, MS and Rice, SM and Wilson, M and Prado, CE and Bruno, R, Measuring alcohol use-related shame and guilt: Development and validation of the Perceptions of Drinking Scale, Substance Use and Misuse, 55, (3) pp. 441-451. ISSN 1082-6084 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

DOI: doi:10.1080/10826084.2019.1683203

Abstract

Background: The dispositional tendency to experience guilt is inversely related to disordered alcohol use, while dispositional shame-proneness appears to share a positive relationship with alcohol problems.

Objective: In order to further research in this domain, a new measure of alcohol userelated shame and guilt is described.

Methods: Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the psychometric properties of the Perceptions of Drinking Scale (PODS) were validated across two independent samples (Sample 1 N ¼ 293, Sample 2 N ¼ 429).

Results: A four factor model of the PODS was identified in exploratory factor analysis. The hypothesized four-factor PODS model was validated in an independent sample using CFA (RMSEA ¼ .046; CFI ¼ .99; TLI¼ .99). Alcohol use-related shame and guilt were reliably differentiated, and test re-test stability, divergent and convergent validity was established. Alcohol use-related shame was not clearly related to taking action to address problematic alcohol use, but was positively related with measures of negative affect and using avoidance-based coping strategies. Conversely, alcohol userelated guilt was generally unrelated to measures of negative affect and was clearly associated with the taking of action to address problematic alcohol use.

Conclusions: The Perceptions of Drinking Scale has good psychometric properties and also appears to reliably distinguish between experiences of alcohol use-related shame and guilt. Both alcohol use-related shame and guilt appear to be positively associated with the contemplation of changing one’s alcohol use-related behaviors. Only alcohol use-related guilt was clearly linked to the taking of action to address problematic drinking behavior.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:alcohol, guilt, shame, harm, alcohol use disorder
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Biological psychology
Research Field:Behavioural neuroscience
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Treeby, MS (Mr Matt Treeby)
UTAS Author:Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)
ID Code:140192
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2020-07-31
Last Modified:2020-08-25
Downloads:0

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