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New Definitions of Old Issues and Need for Continuous Improvement


Paltrinieri, N and Khan, F, New Definitions of Old Issues and Need for Continuous Improvement, Dynamic Risk Analysis in the Chemical and Petroleum Industry: Evolution and Interaction with Parallel Disciplines in the Perspective of Industrial Application, Elsevier, N Paltrinieri & F Khan (ed), Netherlands, pp. 13-21. ISBN 978-012803823-9 (2016) [Research Book Chapter]

DOI: doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803765-2.00002-0


A number of definitions to describe major accidents and their specific features exist. In particular, several experts have committed to providing specific and effective definition outlining of low-probability, high-impact events, for which classification is particularly challenging owing to their rarity. These events may result from failures in preassessment, knowledge management, or likelihood evaluation, or they may be simply unpredictable. This chapter reports a brief overview of definitions of such extreme events, from atypical accidents to dragon kings, through the popular metaphor of the black swan. To a certain extent, these different perspectives agree on the fact that conjunctions of "small things" have the potential to result in extreme effects. For this reason, this chapter suggests a twofold approach to be adopted for limitation of such events: Well-known small failures should not be disregarded, and continuous improvement of models and classifications should always be carried out to keep track of the ever-changing industrial environment.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:atypical accident scenarios, black swans, dragon kings, perfect storms, unknown unknowns
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Banking, finance and investment
Research Field:Investment and risk management
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Khan, F (Professor Faisal Khan)
ID Code:140141
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2020-07-29
Last Modified:2020-07-29

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