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Assessing the Severity of Runaway Reactions

Citation

Casson Moreno, V and Salzano, E and Khan, F, Assessing the Severity of Runaway Reactions, Dynamic Risk Analysis in the Chemical and Petroleum Industry: Evolution and Interaction with Parallel Disciplines in the Perspective of Industrial Application, Elsevier, N Paltrinieri & F Khan (ed), Netherlands, pp. 127-138. ISBN 978-012803823-9 (2016) [Research Book Chapter]

DOI: doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803765-2.00011-1

Abstract

Highly reactive substances might undergo undesired exothermic (runaway) reactions during transport, storage, or their chemical process. Major accidents may be triggered by this loss of thermal control in the system. Therefore, process safety issues related to chemical reaction hazards need to be systematically recognized and classified. The existing methodologies for risk assessment of hazardous materials are typically based on standard experimental activities, essentially calorimetry, rather than appropriated analysis, which is time consuming and economically not feasible. This chapter describes the fundamental concepts of risk analysis related to chemical reaction hazards and introduces a methodology for dynamic risk assessment based on a minimum set of data.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:calorimetry, chemical reaction hazards, hazardous material, runaway reaction, thermal explosion
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Banking, finance and investment
Research Field:Investment and risk management
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Khan, F (Professor Faisal Khan)
ID Code:140140
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2020-07-29
Last Modified:2020-07-29
Downloads:0

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