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Integrating life cycle and impact assessments to map food’s cumulative environmental footprint


Kuempel, CD and Frazier, M and Nash, KL and Jacobsen, NS and Williams, DR and Blanchard, JL and Cottrell, RS and McIntyre, PB and Moran, D and Bouwman, L and Froehlich, HE and Gephart, JA and Metian, M and Tobben, J and Halpern, BS, Integrating life cycle and impact assessments to map food's cumulative environmental footprint, One Earth, 3, (1) pp. 65-78. ISSN 2590-3330 (2020) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.oneear.2020.06.014


Feeding a growing, increasingly affluent population while limiting environmental pressures of food production is a central challenge for society. Understanding the location and magnitude of food production is key to addressing this challenge because pressures vary substantially across food production types. Applying data and models from life cycle assessment with the methodologies for mapping cumulative environmental impacts of human activities (hereafter cumulative impact mapping) provides a powerful approach to spatially map the cumulative environmental pressure of food production in a way that is consistent and comprehensive across food types. However, these methodologies have yet to be combined. By synthesizing life cycle assessment and cumulative impact mapping methodologies, we provide guidance for comprehensively and cumulatively mapping the environmental pressures (e.g., greenhouse gas emissions, spatial occupancy, and freshwater use) associated with food production systems. This spatial approach enables quantification of current and potential future environmental pressures, which is needed for decision makers to create more sustainable food policies and practices.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:cradle-to-gate, cumulative impact, environmental pressure, environmental cost, environmental impact, food production, food security, sustainability
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Environmental assessment and monitoring
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Environmental policy, legislation and standards
Objective Field:Environmental lifecycle assessment
UTAS Author:Nash, KL (Dr Kirsty Nash)
UTAS Author:Blanchard, JL (Professor Julia Blanchard)
UTAS Author:Cottrell, RS (Dr Richard Cottrell)
ID Code:140124
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2020-07-28
Last Modified:2021-02-03
Downloads:18 View Download Statistics

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