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Morphology of the equatorial ionization anomaly in Africa and Middle East due to a sudden stratospheric warming event


Bolaji, OS and Oyeyemi, EO and Jimoh, OE and Fujimoto, A and Doherty, PH and Owolabi, OP and Adeniyi, JO and Falayi, EO and Abe, E and Kaka, RO and Kotoye, A, Morphology of the equatorial ionization anomaly in Africa and Middle East due to a sudden stratospheric warming event, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 184 pp. 37-56. ISSN 1364-6826 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2019.01.006


Using total electron content (TEC) data deduced from 18 Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers in Africa and Middle East, we investigated the morphology of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) and its underlying variations before, during and after the 2009 sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event. A southern EIA crest stronger than the northern EIA crest was observed for most of the days before the SSW event, while the EIA troughs were significantly obliterated after these SSW induced phases. In addition to the observed marked depletion of the hemispheric EIA crests during the SSW peak phase, we observed a terdiurnal variation straddling the northern EIA crests. This background terdiurnal signature is suggested to be partly responsible for the transport of more plasma to the northern hemisphere at the expense of southern hemisphere during the SSW peak phase. The consequences are higher pre-noon and post noon crests in the northern hemisphere compared to a single crest in the southern hemisphere. Contrary to previous modeling and experimental reports that the reductions in ionospheric TEC are due to semidiurnal variations resulting from the SSW peak phase, our results show that a terdiurnal variation was responsible for reducing the EEJ strength and TEC at the E-region and F2-region's topside, respectively. At the southern middle latitudes, an underlying diurnal variation was seen to initiate an increment in TEC during the SSW descending phase.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:total electron content, equatorial ionization anomaly, latitudinal twin EIA crests, planetary waves, sudden stratospheric warmings
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Space sciences
Research Field:Mesospheric, thermospheric, ionospheric and magnetospheric physics
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Air quality, atmosphere and weather
Objective Field:Atmospheric processes and dynamics
UTAS Author:Bolaji, OS (Dr Olawale Bolaji)
ID Code:139976
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Physics
Deposited On:2020-07-21
Last Modified:2020-08-18

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