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Multifocal motor neuropathy: controversies and priorities

Citation

Yeh, WZ and Dyck, PJ and van den Berg, LH and Kiernan, MC and Taylor, BV, Multifocal motor neuropathy: controversies and priorities, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 91, (2) pp. 140-148. ISSN 0022-3050 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020.

DOI: doi:10.1136/jnnp-2019-321532

Abstract

Despite 30 years of research there are still significant unknowns and controversies associated with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) including disease pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment. Foremost relates to the underlying pathophysiology, specifically whether MMN represents an axonal or demyelinating neuropathy and whether the underlying pathophysiology is focused at the node of Ranvier. In turn, this discussion promotes consideration of therapeutic approaches, an issue that becomes more directed in this evolving era of precision medicine. It is generally accepted that MMN represents a chronic progressive immune-mediated motor neuropathy clinically characterised by progressive asymmetric weakness and electrophysiologically by partial motor conduction block. Anti-GM1 IgM antibodies are identified in at least 40% of patients. There have been recent developments in the use of neuromuscular ultrasound and MRI to aid in diagnosing MMN and in further elucidation of its pathophysiological mechanisms. The present Review will critically analyse the knowledge accumulated about MMN over the past 30 years, culminating in a state-of-the-art approach to therapy.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ganglioside, neuroimmunology, neuropathy, neurophysiology, peripheral neuropathology
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Central nervous system
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Taylor, BV (Professor Bruce Taylor)
ID Code:139931
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-07-16
Last Modified:2020-08-07
Downloads:0

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