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Do gender differences in the relationship between living with children and alcohol consumption vary by societal gender inequality?


Graham, K and Bernards, S and Karriker-Jaffe, KJ and Kuntsche, S and Laslett, A-M and Gmel, G and Callinan, S and Stanesby, O and Wells, S, Do gender differences in the relationship between living with children and alcohol consumption vary by societal gender inequality?, Drug and Alcohol Review pp. 1-13. ISSN 0959-5236 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Available from 01 June 2022

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs

DOI: doi:10.1111/dar.13096


Introduction and aims: To better understand the relationship between alcohol consumption and living with children, we assessed whether the association varied for men and women across diverse countries and whether this relationship was moderated by country-level gender inequality.

Design and methods: We used Hierarchical Linear Modelling to analyse data from 32 surveys conducted in 27 countries. Measures included whether the participant was a drinker versus abstainer in past 12 months, annual number of drinks consumed, whether the respondent lived with children, gender (male/female) and age of respondent, and country-level gender inequality measured using the Gender Inequality Index.

Results: Annual drinks consumed was significantly lower for women living with children. Men living with children were generally more likely to be drinkers, and the relationship between annual consumption and living with children was moderated by cultural gender equality: specifically, men in countries with higher gender equality drank less if they lived with children while the association for men in lower equality countries was nonsignificant.

Discussion and conclusions: Although lower alcohol consumption was found generally for women living with children, this relationship was found only for men in countries where there was more gender equality. Given the high risk of harm to children from heavy consumption by adults with whom they live, prevention efforts need to strengthen prevention of heavy consumption by parents and other who live with children, especially for men who live with children in low gender equality countries.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:alcohol consumption, gender differences, gender equality, living with children
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Stanesby, O (Mr Oliver Stanesby)
ID Code:139765
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-07-02
Last Modified:2020-09-10

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