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Sleep apnoea is associated with hearing impairment: The Paris prospective study 3

Citation

Lisan, Q and van Sloten, T and Climie, RE and Boutouyrie, P and Guibout, C and Thomas, F and Danchin, N and Jouven, X and Empana, J-P, Sleep apnoea is associated with hearing impairment: The Paris prospective study 3, Clinical Otolaryngology pp. 1-6. ISSN 1749-4478 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1111/coa.13557

Abstract

Objectives: Hearing impairment (HI) is a leading impairment worldwide, and identifying modifiable risk factors of HI may have major public health implications. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and HI.

Design: Observational longitudinal study (the Paris Prospective Study 3).

Setting: Population-based.

Participants: Volunteers aged 50-75 years and consulting at a preventive medical centre were included between 2008 and 2012. 6797 participants were included in the present analysis.

Main outcome measures: Audiometry testing was performed in both ears in all participants, and HI was defined by a pure-tone average (PTA) >25 decibels (dB) hearing level in the better ear.

Results: Obstructive sleep apnoea (estimated by the Berlin questionnaire) was present in 18.6% (n = 1267) and HI in 13.9% (n = 947) of the participants. Mean age was 59.5 years (SD 6.2) and 63.5% were male (n = 4317). In multiple logistic regression modelling, OSA was significantly associated with a 1.21-increased odds of HI (95% confidence interval 1.01-1.44). Several sensitivity analyses supported this finding.

Conclusion: Obstructive sleep apnoea is associated with a 21% increased odds of HI. These results support active screening of HI in subjects with OSA, and future studies should evaluate whether the treatment of OSA can delay the onset of HI.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:cohort study, hearing impairment, sleep apnoea
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Otorhinolaryngology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
UTAS Author:Climie, RE (Miss Rachel Climie)
ID Code:139679
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-06-25
Last Modified:2020-06-25
Downloads:0

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