eCite Digital Repository

Consequences of banning commercial solaria in 2016 in Australia


Gordon, LG and Sinclair, C and Cleaves, N and Makin, JK and Rodriguez-Acevedo, AJ and Green, AC, Consequences of banning commercial solaria in 2016 in Australia, Health Policy, 124 pp. 665-670. ISSN 0168-8510 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.04.010


Objective: To quantify the consequences of a total ban on indoor tanning for short-term regulatory enforcement, for consumers, and the longer-term health economic effects.

Methods: Instances of illegal solarium prosecutions and tanning bed confiscations in the state of Victoria (population 7 million) were obtained from government surveillance records. Consumer interest for indoor tanning and spray/fake tanning were assessed using Google Trends' Search Volume Index (range 0 to maximum 100). Long-term health economic effects were estimated using a Markov cohort model.

Results: The Victorian Government completed 13 prosecutions and confiscated 39 illegal tanning units. Consumer interest for indoor tanning reduced to less than one quarter of pre-regulation seasonal peaks (Search Volume Index 12/48) while spray tanning interest remained high (70-88). For young Australians over their remaining lives, banning commercial indoor tanning is expected to avert 31,009 melanomas (-3.7%), avert 468,249 keratinocyte cancers (-3.6%) and save over AU$64 (US$47) million in healthcare costs and produce over AU$516 (US$375) million in productivity gains.

Conclusions: Three years after the nationwide ban, regulation enforcement activities have decreased, and consumers have adopted substitute tanning methods.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ultraviolet radiation, indoor tanning, sunbeds, government regulation, healthcare costs, melanoma
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Human resources and industrial relations
Research Field:Occupational and workplace health and safety
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Evaluation of health and support services not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Makin, JK (Ms Jen Makin)
ID Code:139666
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-06-25
Last Modified:2022-08-29

Repository Staff Only: item control page