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Correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption of Malaysian preschoolers aged 3 to 6 years

Citation

Foo, LH and Lee, YH and Suhaida, CY and Hills, AP, Correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption of Malaysian preschoolers aged 3 to 6 years, BMC Public Health, 20, (1) Article 552. ISSN 1471-2458 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1186/s12889-020-08461-7

Abstract

Background: There is little information about the diet, lifestyle and parental characteristics associated with habitual sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in Asian children. The aim of the present study was to assess cross-sectional associations between habitual SSB consumption and preschoolers' diet, physical activity, sedentary behaviour as well as parental and child characteristics in Malaysian preschoolers aged 3 to 6 y.

Methods: A total of 590 preschoolers, comprising 317 boys and 273 girls were included. Pre-pilot parental questionnaires were used to assess diet, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour practices and anthropometry was assessed in preschoolers and their parents.

Results: Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that preschoolers with more frequent weekly intake of snacks [OR 2.7; 95% CI, 1.6-4.4; p < 0.001] and monthly fast food consumption [OR 3.5; 95% CI, 1.9-6.3; p < 0.001], were associated with higher SSB intake (≥5 days in a week), after adjustments of potential confounders. Preschoolers with higher daily fruit and vegetable intake had lower SSB intake [OR 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-0.8; p = 0.011]. A positive association of higher weekly vigorous PA [OR 2.0; 95% CI, 1.1-3.7; p = 0.030] and daily screen-based practices [OR 2.0; 95% CI, 1.2-3.6; p < 0.001] on habitual SSBs intake was also substantiated.

Conclusion: Multiple diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour factors were significantly associated with SSB intake among Malaysian preschoolers. Continued effort is required to encourage healthier beverage choices, as well as healthy diet and active lifestyle practices among children during the critical early years of growth and development.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:dietary factors, physical activity (PA), preschoolers, screen-based sedentary practice, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB)
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and dietetics
Research Field:Nutritional science
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Nutrition
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
ID Code:139488
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2020-06-17
Last Modified:2021-01-27
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