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Novel anthropometric parameters to define obesity and obesity-related disease in adults: a systematic review


Jayawardena, R and Ranasinghe, P and Ranathunga, T and Mathangasinghe, Y and Wasalathanththri, S and Hills, AP, Novel anthropometric parameters to define obesity and obesity-related disease in adults: a systematic review, Nutrition Reviews, 78, (6) pp. 498-513. ISSN 0029-6643 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1093/nutrit/nuz078


Context: Obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of body fat. Traditionally, it has been assessed using a wide range of anthropometric, biochemical, and radiological measurements, with each having its advantages and disadvantages.

Objective: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify novel anthropometric measurements of obesity in adults.

Data sources: Using a combination of MeSH terms, the PubMed database was searched.

Data extraction: The current systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. The data extracted from each study were (1) details of the study, (2) anthropometric parameter(s) evaluated, (3) study methods, (4) objectives of the study and/or comparisons, and (5) main findings/conclusions of the study.

Data analysis: The search yielded 2472 articles, of which 66 studies were deemed eligible to be included. The literature search identified 25 novel anthropometric parameters. Data on novel anthropometric parameters were derived from 26 countries. Majority were descriptive cross-sectional studies (n = 43), while 22 were cohort studies. Age range of the study populations was 17-103 years, while sample size varied from 45 to 384 612.

Conclusions: The novel anthropometric parameters identified in the present study showed variable correlation with obesity and/or related metabolic risk factors. Some parameters involved complex calculations, while others were derived from traditional anthropometric measurements. Further research is required in order to determine the accuracy and precision.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and dietetics
Research Field:Nutritional science
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Preventive medicine
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
ID Code:139445
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2020-06-16
Last Modified:2021-01-27

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