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Key principles for managing recovery of kelp forests through restoration


Morris, RL and Hale, R and Strain, EMA and Reeves, SE and Verges, A and Marzinelli, EM and Layton, C and Shelamoff, V and Graham, TDJ and Chevalier, M and Swearer, SE, Key principles for managing recovery of kelp forests through restoration, Bioscience, 70, (8) pp. 688-698. ISSN 0006-3568 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 Oxford University Press

DOI: doi:10.1093/biosci/biaa058


There is increasing interest in mitigating the loss of kelp forests through restoration, but this has received scant attention relative to other coastal habitats. We evaluate current knowledge centered on key restoration principles to provide guidelines for best practice in kelp restoration. The cause and scale of degradation is fundamental in determining if kelp can be restored and the methods required to promote reestablishment. Removal of stressors may be adequate to achieve restoration goals where degradation is not too widespread or acute. Extensive losses of kelp forests will often require active reseeding of areas because of the low dispersal ability of many kelp species. Restoration efforts have generally taken a trial-and-error approach at experimental scales to develop techniques for establishing individuals. Furthermore, studies that inform cost–benefit analysis and the appropriate spatial scales for restoration of sustainable kelp forests are urgently needed for prioritizing and scaling up restoration efforts globally.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:kelp, restoration, canopy-forming algae, Fucales, habitat loss, Laminariales, rehabilitation
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Assessment and management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystems
UTAS Author:Strain, EMA (Dr Beth Strain)
UTAS Author:Layton, C (Dr Cayne Layton)
UTAS Author:Shelamoff, V (Mr Victor Shelamoff)
ID Code:139207
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2020-06-01
Last Modified:2021-01-27

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