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A narrative and systematic review of the behavioural, cognitive and emotional effects of passive nature exposure on young people: Evidence for prescribing change

Citation

Norwood, MF and Lakhani, A and Fullagar, S and Maujean, A and Downes, M and Byrne, JA and Stewart, A and Barber, B and Kendall, E, A narrative and systematic review of the behavioural, cognitive and emotional effects of passive nature exposure on young people: Evidence for prescribing change, Landscape and Urban Planning, 189 pp. 71-79. ISSN 0169-2046 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2019.04.007

Abstract

Health care providers are increasingly prescribing nature exposure to treat emotional, behavioural and cognitive difficulties of children who experience challenging personal and social circumstances. Correlational studies suggest these prescriptions have short-term potential. The capacity for nature exposure to promote long-term change is unclear. This paper presents the results of a systematic review exploring the ability of the natural environment to promote behavioural, cognitive or emotional change in young people. A systematic review of CINAHL, Medline, Scopus, Embase, PsychInfo produced 59,221 papers. Six met the review criteria. Synthesis suggested that passive nature exposure promotes positive changes in attention, memory and mood; little is known about behavioural changes and long-term outcomes. It is unknown how these changes translate to real world outcomes for children and how the effect of nature varies across different age groups. Overall, prescribing nature exposure for children appears advantageous. Randomised control trials and diverse qualitative methods using reliable outcome measures are needed to draw definitive conclusions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:emotion, learning, children, cognition, behaviour, nature exposure, planning, landscape, natural environments, literature review, ADHD
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Human geography
Research Field:Human geography not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Byrne, JA (Professor Jason Byrne)
ID Code:138963
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2020-05-14
Last Modified:2020-06-22
Downloads:0

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