Tong, J and Qi, X and He, Z and Chen, S and Pedersen, SJ and Cooley, PD and Spencer-Rodgers, J and He, S and Zhu, X, The immediate and durable effects of yoga and physical fitness exercises on stress, Journal of American College Health pp. 1-9. ISSN 0744-8481 (2020) [Refereed Article]
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Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of yoga and physical fitness exercises on stress and the underlying mechanisms.
Participants: Healthy undergraduates from four yoga and four fitness classes participated in Study 1 (n = 191) and Study 2 (n = 143), respectively (in 2017 Fall).
Methods: Study 1 evaluated the immediate effect (a 60-minute practice) while Study 2 evaluated the durable effect (a 12-week intervention).
Results: Results showed that immediate stress reduction was more salient in the yoga group than that in the fitness group in Study 1. Yoga group had a greater increase in mindfulness, which predicted stress reduction. Similar observations were made in Study 2 showing the durable effect of yoga on stress reduction through mindfulness.
Conclusions: Yoga intervention is better than fitness exercises in helping undergraduates cultivate mindfulness and reduce stress. These findings may guide future interventions in stress management in college students.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||college students, stress reduction, mental health, mindfulness, non-medical interventions, physical activity|
|Research Group:||Curriculum and pedagogy|
|Research Field:||Physical education and development curriculum and pedagogy|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Behaviour and health|
|UTAS Author:||Pedersen, SJ (Dr Scott Pedersen)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||8|
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