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Primary productivity in the equatorial Pacific during the 1997-98 El Niño

Citation

Strutton, PG and Chavez, FP, Primary productivity in the equatorial Pacific during the 1997-98 El Nino, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 105, (C11) pp. 26,089-26,101. ISSN 0148-0227 (2000) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2000 American Geophysical Union

DOI: doi:10.1029/1999JC000056

Abstract

Shipboard biological and physical measurements made during 1996, 1997, and 1998 in the equatorial Pacific are used to quantify the effect of the 1997–1998 El Niño on the phytoplankton community. This El Niño was by some measures the strongest ever observed and resulted in extremely low phytoplankton biomass and productivity throughout this normally moderately productive region. At the height of the event in late 1997 to early 1998, in the central Pacific, nitrate was absent throughout the entire euphotic zone (∼100 m), resulting in chlorophyll concentrations (0.05 μgL−1) that were among the lowest ever observed in the region and rates of primary production (∼0.41 g C m−2 d−1) that were approximately half the climatological mean. These conditions persisted until May 1998 when the trade winds resumed and upwelling, with its associated supply of nutrients, was restored along the equatorial Pacific. The phytoplankton community quickly recovered, and by June 1998, nitrate, chlorophyll, and primary productivity levels were comparable to, or in excess of, their respective climatological means.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:tropical Pacific, productivity, El Nino
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Biological oceanography
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Strutton, PG (Professor Peter Strutton)
ID Code:138640
Year Published:2000
Web of Science® Times Cited:69
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2020-04-20
Last Modified:2020-05-26
Downloads:4 View Download Statistics

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