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Attitudes of future doctors towards LGBT patients in conservative Malaysian society


Foong, ALS and Liow, JW and Nalliah, S and Low, WY and Samy, AL and Khalaf, ZF, Attitudes of future doctors towards LGBT patients in conservative Malaysian society, Sexuality and Culture, 24 pp. 1358-1375. ISSN 1095-5143 (2020) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2019 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature

DOI: doi:10.1007/s12119-019-09685-5


One challenge which confronts the acceptance of human diversity is the stigmatisation and discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) individuals in conservative societies. These societies can be influenced by culture and belief systems, reinforced by state policies which pose health and health care provision challenges. As significant players in the health of the nation, the attitudes of medical practitioners and the decisions influenced by them impact on health outcomes. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the associations between ethnicity, religion and gender with the attitude of clinical-year medical students toward LGBT patients. A modified 10-item Attitudes Toward LGBT Patients Scale (ATLPS-M) was used to assess attitudes towards LGBT patients. Data from 228 participants with valid responses were analysed using ANOVA for religion and ethnicity; and independent t test for gender. The mean scores of ATLPS-M was 38.5 ( 5.13). Significant differences were found between ethnicity, religions and ATLPSM scores, with medium effect size ω2 measured at .10 and .10 respectively. Statistical differences were not found between genders and ATLPS-M score. Our findings reflect the association of ethnicity to attitudes of future doctors towards LGBT patients in the context of Malaysian society, where religion has been given great impetus with far reaching influence in shaping attitudes. Against the background of religion and ethnicity being intertwined in Malaysian society, complexities are highlighted.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:medical practitioners, attitude, LGBT patients, Malaysia, religion, ethnicity, gender, conservative society
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Foong, ALS (Dr Andrew Foong)
ID Code:138504
Year Published:2020 (online first 2019)
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Nursing
Deposited On:2020-04-09
Last Modified:2020-10-19

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