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Reconstruction of the predatory behaviour of the extinct marsupial thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus)


Jones, ME and Stoddart, DM, Reconstruction of the predatory behaviour of the extinct marsupial thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus), Journal of Zoology, 246 pp. 239-246. ISSN 0952-8369 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1017/S0952836998010127


The European colonists of Tasmania named the thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus a 'marsupial wolf' or the 'Tasmanian tiger' or 'hyena', in reference to its resemblance to large canids and the bold stripes on its rump. The largest marsupial carnivore in historic times, it was persecuted for alleged sheep killing and became extinct before its ecology was documented. We have reconstructed the likely prey size and the hunting and killing methods of the thylacine by comparing canine tooth strength and limb bone length ratios with those of extant marsupial and placental carnivores. The thylacine was probably a pounce-pursuit predator of fairly open habitats, which killed medium-sized prey (1-5 kg) that were small relative to its body size (15-30 kg), with a crushing, penetrating bite. The trophic niche of the thylacine was similar to that of smaller canids such as the coyote Canis latrans (rather than the wolf C. lupus), but ecomorphological convergence of the thylacine with canids was superficial. Phylogenetic constraint has resulted in unique patterns of tooth eruption, molar tooth and jaw geometry, calcaneum architecture, and perhaps FMT/running speed relationships in the Dasyuroidea.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Palaeoecology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Marine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Jones, ME (Professor Menna Jones)
UTAS Author:Stoddart, DM (Professor Michael Stoddart)
ID Code:13823
Year Published:1998
Web of Science® Times Cited:64
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:1998-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-08

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