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Inhibitory and facilitatory cueing effects: Competition between exogenous and endogenous mechanisms

Citation

Lim, A and Eng, V and Osborne, C and Janssen, SMJ and Satel, J, Inhibitory and facilitatory cueing effects: Competition between exogenous and endogenous mechanisms, Vision, 3, (3) pp. 1-21. ISSN 2411-5150 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3390/vision3030040

Abstract

Inhibition of return is characterized by delayed responses to previously attended locations when the cue-target onset asynchrony (CTOA) is long enough. However, when cues are predictive of a target's location, faster reaction times to cued as compared to uncued targets are normally observed. In this series of experiments investigating saccadic reaction times, we manipulated the cue predictability to 25% (counterpredictive), 50% (nonpredictive), and 75% (predictive) to investigate the interaction between predictive endogenous facilitatory (FCEs) and inhibitory cueing effects (ICEs). Overall, larger ICEs were seen in the counterpredictive condition than in the nonpredictive condition, and no ICE was found in the predictive condition. Based on the hypothesized additivity of FCEs and ICEs, we reasoned that the null ICEs observed in the predictive condition are the result of two opposing mechanisms balancing each other out, and the large ICEs observed with counterpredictive cueing can be attributed to the combination of endogenous facilitation at uncued locations with inhibition at cued locations. Our findings suggest that the endogenous activity contributed by cue predictability can reduce the overall inhibition observed when the mechanisms occur at the same location, or enhance behavioral inhibition when the mechanisms occur at opposite locations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:attention
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Biological psychology
Research Field:Behavioural neuroscience
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Satel, J (Dr Jason Satel)
ID Code:138203
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2020-03-27
Last Modified:2020-05-26
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

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