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New psychoactive substances: challenges for drug surveillance, control, and public health responses

Citation

Peacock, A and Bruno, R and Gisev, N and Degenhardt, L and Hall, W and Sedefov, R and White, J and Thomas, KV and Farrell, M and Griffiths, P, New psychoactive substances: challenges for drug surveillance, control, and public health responses, The Lancet, 394, (10209) pp. 1668-1684. ISSN 0140-6736 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32231-7

Abstract

The rapid emergence since the mid-2000s of a large and diverse range of substances originally designed as legal alternatives to more established illicit drugs (pragmatically clustered and termed new psychoactive substances; [NPS]) has challenged traditional approaches to drug monitoring, surveillance, control, and public health responses. In this section of the Series, we describe the emergence of NPS and consider opportunities for strengthening the detection, identification, and responses to future substances of concern. First, we explore the definitional complexity of the term NPS. Second, we describe the origins and drivers surrounding NPS, including motivations for use. Third, we summarise evidence on NPS availability, use, and associated harms. Finally, we use NPS as a case example to explore challenges and opportunities for future drug monitoring, surveillance, control, and public health responses. We posit that the current means of responding to emerging substances might no longer be fit for purpose in a world in which different substances can be rapidly introduced, and where people who use drugs can change preferences on the basis of market availability

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:novel psychoactive substances
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Applied and developmental psychology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)
ID Code:138000
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:62
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2020-03-19
Last Modified:2020-05-26
Downloads:0

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