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Evidence for different types of errors being associated with different types of post-error changes


Damaso, K and Williams, P and Heathcote, A, Evidence for different types of errors being associated with different types of post-error changes, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 27 pp. 435-440. ISSN 1069-9384 (2020) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 The Psychonomic Society, Inc. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. The final authenticated version is available online at:

DOI: doi:10.3758/s13423-019-01675-w


Errors in simple choice tasks result in systematic changes in the response time and accuracy of subsequent trials. We propose that there are at least two different causes of choice errors response speed and evidence quality, which result in different types of post-error changes. We explore these differences in types of errors and post-error changes in two recognition memory experiments with speed versus accuracy emphasis conditions that differentially produce response-speed and evidence-quality errors. Under conditions that give rise to more response-speed errors, we find evidence of traditional post-error slowing. Under conditions that give rise to evidence-quality errors, we find evidence of post-error speeding. We propose a broadening of theories of cognitive control to encompass maladaptive as well as adaptive strategies, and discuss implications for the use of post-error changes to measure cognitive control.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:choice behavior, cognitive control, automaticity
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Cognitive and computational psychology
Research Field:Decision making
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Heathcote, A (Professor Andrew Heathcote)
ID Code:137940
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2020-03-16
Last Modified:2021-03-18
Downloads:7 View Download Statistics

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