eCite Digital Repository

Multimodal functioning in understanding fractions


Watson, JM and Campbell, KJ and Collis, KF, Multimodal functioning in understanding fractions, Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 12, (1) pp. 45-62. ISSN 0732-3123 (1993) [Refereed Article]

Official URL:


Examined responses to 4 problems involving common fractions for ikonic mode processes and their relationship to concrete symbolic mode development. Results from interviews with 42 children from kindergarten to Grade 10 and surveys of 98 Ss provide evidence for a developmental progression within the ikonic mode during school years, with a mutual interaction between ikonic and concrete symbolic mode development. Ikonic processes not only supported concrete symbolic reasoning, but their level of sophistication was limited by the level of concrete symbolic understanding achieved. In secondary school years, where concrete symbolic reasoning becomes more abstract and ikonic processes are not emphasized in the curriculum, it appears that many students' development of ikonic processes does not keep pace with concrete symbolic development.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:multimodal functioning, understanding fractions
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Mathematics and numeracy curriculum and pedagogy
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Learner and learning not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Watson, JM (Professor Jane Watson)
UTAS Author:Collis, KF (Professor Kevin Collis)
ID Code:137692
Year Published:1993
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (AC9031914)
Deposited By:Office of the Faculty of Education
Deposited On:2020-02-27
Last Modified:2020-03-20

Repository Staff Only: item control page