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A quantitative systematic review assessing the impact of burn injuries on body image


Cleary, M and Kornhaber, R and Thapa, DK and West, S and Visentin, D, A quantitative systematic review assessing the impact of burn injuries on body image, Body Image, 33 pp. 47-65. ISSN 1740-1445 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.008


This study systematically reviewed the quantitative evidence for the impact of burn injuries on body image. Primary research assessing body image using standardized scales published in peer-reviewed journals were systematically searched using the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, CINHAL, and PsycINFO in January 2020. Studies reporting relationships between characteristics related to burn injury and body image outcomes were included. Quality was assessed using the JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross-Sectional Studies. Included studies varied in comparison methods and body image measures, with most reporting cross-sectional relationships. Among the 33 included studies, 12 reported a negative association between burn severity and body image, 14 reported no significant association, six showed mixed (negative and null) results across the burn injury measures, and one reported more positive body image among burn survivors compared to those without burns. This review identified evidence supporting the association between burn severity and lower satisfaction with body image. Individuals with body image concerns, particularly those with higher burn severity and women, may benefit most from interventions that address self-acceptance and coping mechanisms. Further cross-sectional studies with representative control groups and longitudinal studies with longer follow-up periods are required.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:burns, body image, burn specific health scale, satisfaction with appearance scale, systematic review
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Cleary, M (Professor Michelle Cleary)
UTAS Author:Kornhaber, R (Dr Rachel Kornhaber)
UTAS Author:Thapa, DK (Mr Deependra Thapa)
UTAS Author:West, S (Dr Sancia West)
UTAS Author:Visentin, D (Dr Denis Visentin)
ID Code:137671
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Nursing
Deposited On:2020-02-26
Last Modified:2021-03-18

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