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Developing a nature-based coastal defence strategy for Australia


Morris, RL and Strain, EMA and Konlechner, TM and Fest, BJ and Kennedy, DM and Arndt, SK and Swearer, SE, Developing a nature-based coastal defence strategy for Australia, Australian Journal of Civil Engineering, 17, (2) pp. 167-176. ISSN 1448-8353 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

DOI: doi:10.1080/14488353.2019.1661062


Australia’s rapid coastal population growth coupled with the increased risk of hazards driven by climate change creates an urgent need to start adaptation planning for the future. The most common solutions for protecting the coast (seawalls, breakwaters) are expensive and non-adaptive (i.e., they need to be rebuilt, upgraded and maintained in response to a changing climate). There is international precedence for the development of nature-based solutions (i.e., the integration of natural habitats such as coastal vegetation and biogenic reefs) as a cost-effective and sustainable approach to shoreline protection from erosion and flooding. The development of nature-based approaches has been supported by large interdisciplinary teams to inform policy and decision-making. Nature-based coastal defence is currently not a tool widely used in Australia. Key to their wider implementation is: (1) improved scientific knowledge; (2) effective governance; and (3) social acceptance. Recently implemented pilot trials need to inform industry-accredited guidelines that can be integrated into coastal management and government policy.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:nature based coastal defence, coastal management, coastal protection, ecological engineering
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Assessment and management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystems
UTAS Author:Strain, EMA (Dr Beth Strain)
ID Code:137579
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2020-02-20
Last Modified:2020-05-01

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