eCite Digital Repository

Multiple approaches to numerical modelling of container ship squat in confined water


Kok, Z and Duffy, J and Chai, S and Jin, Y, Multiple approaches to numerical modelling of container ship squat in confined water, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 146, (4) Article 04020017. ISSN 0733-950X (2020) [Refereed Article]

Pending copyright assessment - Request a copy

PDF (Post print)

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 American Society of Civil Engineers

Official URL:

DOI: doi:10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000580


Various URANS modelling techniques to predict container ship squat in confined water are investigated and compared in this study to assess the suitability of each modelling technique. Five methods are compared, among which three are quasi-statical estimations of squat from CFD computed hydrodynamic forces and moment (QS), and two are based on directly computed squat utilising dynamic overset meshing (OV) technique. In addition, the effect of self-propulsion on squat is investigated by comparing different methods of propulsion i.e. the hull is either towed (T) or self-propelled by means of body-force propulsion virtual disc model (VD) or a fully discretised propeller (DP). The investigation shows that the QS methods tend to be superior in terms of computation efficiency, range of applicability and trim prediction accuracy. It is also shown that the effect of self-propulsion is significant and should be accounted for to provide accurate results, especially at relatively high speeds. Moreover, virtual disc modelling is more computationally economical while also providing similar degree of accuracy to that of a discretised propeller. Thus, the most suitable method is the quasi-static method with virtual disc self-propulsion (QS-VD). However, for very shallow cases where h/T < 1.14, the towed quasi-static squat model (QS-T) is recommended due to better accuracy.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ship squat, Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equation, self-propulsion
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime engineering
Research Field:Ship and platform structures (incl. maritime hydrodynamics)
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water transport
Objective Field:Water safety
UTAS Author:Kok, Z (Mr Zhen Kok)
UTAS Author:Duffy, J (Dr Jonathan Duffy)
UTAS Author:Chai, S (Professor Shuhong Chai)
ID Code:137476
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2020-02-14
Last Modified:2021-06-07
Downloads:4 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page