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A response to scientific and societal needs for marine biological observations


Bax, NJ and Miloslavich, P and Muller-Karger, FE and Allain, V and Appeltans, W and Batten, SD and Benedetti-Cecchi, L and Buttigieg, PL and Chiba, S and Costa, DP and Duffy, JE and Dunn, DC and Johnson, CR and Kudela, RM and Obura, D and Rebelo, L-M and Shin, Y-J and Simmons, SE and Tyack, PL, A response to scientific and societal needs for marine biological observations, Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, (JUL) Article 395. ISSN 2296-7745 (2019) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Bax, Miloslavich, Muller-Karger, Allain, Appeltans, Batten, Benedetti-Cecchi, Buttigieg, Chiba, Costa, Duffy, Dunn, Johnson, Kudela, Obura, Rebelo, Shin, Simmons and Tyack. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00395


Development of global ocean observing capacity for the biological EOVs is on the cusp of a step-change. Current capacity to automate data collection and processing and to integrate the resulting data streams with complementary data, openly available as FAIR data, is certain to dramatically increase the amount and quality of information and knowledge available to scientists and decision makers into the future. There is little doubt that scientists will continue to expand their understanding of what lives in the ocean, where it lives and how it is changing. However, whether this expanding information stream will inform policy and management or be incorporated into indicators for national reporting is more uncertain. Coordinated data collection including open sharing of data will help produce the consistent evidence-based messages that are valued by managers. The GOOS Biology and Ecosystems Panel is working with other global initiatives to assist this coordination by defining and implementing Essential Ocean Variables. The biological EOVs have been defined, are being updated following community feedback, and their implementation is underway. In 2019, the coverage and precision of a global ocean observing system capable of addressing key questions for the next decade will be quantified, and its potential to support the goals of the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development identified. Developing a global ocean observing system for biology and ecosystems requires parallel efforts in improving evidence-based monitoring of progress against international agreements and the open data, reporting and governance structures that would facilitate the uptake of improved information by decision makers.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:GOOS, capacity development, EOV, ocean observing, essential ocean variable, UN Decade, Sustainable Development Goals
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Pollution and contamination
Research Field:Pollution and contamination not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Environmental policy, legislation and standards
Objective Field:Sustainability indicators
UTAS Author:Bax, NJ (Professor Nicholas Bax)
UTAS Author:Miloslavich, P (Dr Patricia Miloslavich)
UTAS Author:Johnson, CR (Professor Craig Johnson)
ID Code:137434
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:29
Deposited By:Directorate
Deposited On:2020-02-13
Last Modified:2020-05-22
Downloads:20 View Download Statistics

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