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A description of the nutritional status and quality of life of Australian gynaecological cancer patients over time

Citation

Ryan, M and White, K and Roydhouse, J and Fethney, J, A description of the nutritional status and quality of life of Australian gynaecological cancer patients over time, European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 16, (5) pp. 453-459. ISSN 1462-3889 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Crown Copyright 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Official URL: https://www.ejoncologynursing.com/article/S1462-38...

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ejon.2011.10.007

Abstract

Purpose of the research: To describe the quality of life, nutritional status and physical activity of women with gynaecological cancer over three time points.

Methods and sample: Women referred to a major gynaecological cancer service in Sydney for initial treatment were invited to complete validated questionnaires at baseline, three and six months after diagnosis. Quality of life was assessed using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF36) and the Symptom Distress Scale. Nutritional status was assessed using the Patient Generated-Subjective Global Assessment and physical activity was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short form. Effect sizes corrected for correlation were calculated using Cohenís d and Friedmanís test was used to compare scores. Complete case analysis was used.

Key results: Forty women were recruited and twenty-three (58%) completed assessment measures for all three time points. No important clinical or demographic differences existed between women who completed all measures and those who did not. Over the duration of the study, the number of well-nourished women increased from 16 to 21, while the number of malnourished women decreased from 7 to 2. Improvements in SF36 scores were seen in all aspects except general health, which declined (p > 0.05). Statistically significant (p < 0.05) improvements were seen for role physical, vitality, social functioning and role emotional. The median number of minutes of physical activity per week was highest at diagnosis and declined after that.

Conclusions: This study indicates the importance of assessing nutritional status at diagnosis for women with gynaecological cancer.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:gynaecological cancer, nutrition, physical activity, quality of life
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Oncology and carcinogenesis
Research Field:Solid tumours
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Evaluation of health outcomes
UTAS Author:Roydhouse, J (Dr Jessica Roydhouse)
ID Code:137372
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2020-02-11
Last Modified:2020-04-20
Downloads:0

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