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Health and well-being of older workers: comparing their associations with effort–reward imbalance and Pressure, Disorganisation and Regulatory Failure


Bohle, P and Quinlan, M and McNamara, M and Pitts, C and Willaby, H, Health and well-being of older workers: comparing their associations with effort-reward imbalance and Pressure, Disorganisation and Regulatory Failure, Work and Stress, 29 pp. 114-127. ISSN 0267-8373 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Taylor & Francis

DOI: doi:10.1080/02678373.2014.1003995


Work organisation has well-established associations with health. This study compares the associations of Pressure, Disorganisation and Regulatory Failure (PDR) and effort–reward imbalance (ERI) with health and well-being among older workers. Participants were 714 Australian workers aged 45–65 (56.3% female), with a mean age of 54.6 years (SD = 5.0) and a mean of 34.7 working hours per week (SD = 13.9). Hierarchical regression analyses tested the strengths of the associations of both ERI and PDR with work–life conflict and mental health. Independent variables were entered in blocks: demographic characteristics (age and gender), working hours and then ERI or PDR (measured using the four subscales: financial pressure, reward pressure, disorganisation and regulatory failure). Compared to ERI, the PDR subscales collectively accounted for slightly less variance in work–life conflict and slightly more variance in mental health. The PDR subscales also accounted for extra variance in both dependent variables when ERI was included in the model. These findings indicate that PDR is a promising construct that includes elements of work organisation not addressed by ERI.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:effort–reward imbalance, pressure/disorganisation/regulatory failure, older workers, health, work–life conflict
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Human resources and industrial relations
Research Field:Occupational and workplace health and safety
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Ethics
Objective Field:Workplace and organisational ethics (excl. business ethics)
UTAS Author:Bohle, P (Professor Philip Bohle)
ID Code:137195
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:16
Deposited By:TSBE
Deposited On:2020-02-05
Last Modified:2020-03-30

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