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Depression and Disordered Gaming: Does Culture Matter?


O'Farrell, DL and Baynes, K-L and Pontes, HM and Griffiths, MD and Stavropoulos, V, Depression and Disordered Gaming: Does Culture Matter?, International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction Article Epub ahead of print. ISSN 1557-1874 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright The Author(s) 2020

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11469-020-00231-1


The dearth of evidence related to cultural and gender variations of established associations between Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and other psychopathologies has been highlighted. Accordingly, the present study examined the association between depression and disordered gaming behaviors, while considering cultural perspectives of vertical individualism (independence and hierarchy) and gender as potentially variating factors. To achieve this, an ethnically diverse online sample of internet gamers from multicultural societies (N = 1032; Australia = 738; 71.5%; USA = 222; 21.5%; other multicultural countries = 72; 13.3%; Mage = 24 years; males = 503 [48.7%], females = 529 [51.3%]) completed the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale– Short-Form (IGDS9-SF); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and the Individualism and Collectivism Scale (ICS). Regression, moderation and moderated moderation analyses were conducted. Results demonstrated that gamers presenting concurrently with symptoms of depression and vertically individualistic inclinations reported higher levels of disordered gaming behaviors, with no significant gender differences. The findings obtained imply that practitioners globally, and especially in multicultural societies (e.g., Australia, USA), should consider cultural differences when developing prevention and intervention strategies for disordered gaming.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:gaming, gaming disorder, gaming addiction, depression, gender, culture, vertical individualism
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Pontes, HM (Dr Halley de Oliveira Miguel Pontes)
ID Code:137153
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2020-02-03
Last Modified:2020-08-21

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