Depression and Disordered Gaming: Does Culture Matter?
O'Farrell, DL and Baynes, K-L and Pontes, HM and Griffiths, MD and Stavropoulos, V, Depression and Disordered Gaming: Does Culture Matter?, International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction Article Epub ahead of print. ISSN 1557-1874 (2020) [Refereed Article]
The dearth of evidence related to cultural and gender variations of established associations
between Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and other psychopathologies has been highlighted.
Accordingly, the present study examined the association between depression and disordered
gaming behaviors, while considering cultural perspectives of vertical individualism (independence and hierarchy) and gender as potentially variating factors. To achieve this, an ethnically
diverse online sample of internet gamers from multicultural societies (N = 1032; Australia =
738; 71.5%; USA = 222; 21.5%; other multicultural countries = 72; 13.3%; Mage = 24 years;
males = 503 [48.7%], females = 529 [51.3%]) completed the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale–
Short-Form (IGDS9-SF); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and the
Individualism and Collectivism Scale (ICS). Regression, moderation and moderated moderation analyses were conducted. Results demonstrated that gamers presenting concurrently with
symptoms of depression and vertically individualistic inclinations reported higher levels of
disordered gaming behaviors, with no significant gender differences. The findings obtained
imply that practitioners globally, and especially in multicultural societies (e.g., Australia,
USA), should consider cultural differences when developing prevention and intervention
strategies for disordered gaming.