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Assessment of upwind dinghy sailing performance using a virtual reality dinghy sailing simulator


Walls, JT and Bertrand, L and Gale, TJ and Saunders, NR, Assessment of upwind dinghy sailing performance using a virtual reality dinghy sailing simulator, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 1, (2) pp. 61-72. ISSN 1440-2440 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/S1440-2440(98)80014-5


The ability of fourteen competitive helmsmen of different skill levels to sail a standard course towards the wind (upwind) was assessed using a virtual reality sailing simulator. The simulator consisted of a Laser dinghy deck which pivoted between two supports and was dynamically controlled by a computer driven pneumatic ram. Computer generated graphics realistically reproduced helming, sheeting, tacking and boat trim. After familiarisation with the simulator, subjects performed a standard 1 km upwind test and were ranked according to their completion time. The subjects were then asked to fill out a questionnaire to obtain an estimate of how effectively the simulator reproduced the conditions of actual sailing. Mean scores showed the sailors considered overall feel and simulation of physical movement as 'good' (5 on a scale of 1 to 6). Rankings for the upwind test were compared with Independent competition rankings for each subject. Overall time to complete the upwind test correlated well with a subject's external ranking (Spearman's rank order r=-0.99). The results indicate that the test used can differentiate between variations in upwind sailing performance over a wide range of ability. The simulator thus provides for the first time a method of measuring and analysing a sailor's performance in a controlled laboratory setting.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Zoology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Sport, exercise and recreation
Objective Field:Organised sports
UTAS Author:Walls, JT (Professor Justin Walls)
UTAS Author:Bertrand, L (Mr Lex Bertrand)
UTAS Author:Gale, TJ (Dr Timothy Gale)
UTAS Author:Saunders, NR (Professor Norman Saunders)
ID Code:13712
Year Published:1998
Deposited By:Anatomy and Physiology
Deposited On:1998-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-08

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