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Electronic Bills of Lading and Functional Equivalence


Livermore, J and Euarjai, K, Electronic Bills of Lading and Functional Equivalence, Journal of Information, Law and Technology (JILT), 1998, (2) pp. 1-13. ISSN 1361-4169 (1998) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 1998 Journal of Information Law & Technology

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Merchants are increasingly using computers to facilitate international transactions, and many observers believe that full-fledged electronic commerce is nearing reality. At present, the business community uses a system known as electronic data interchange (EDI). Because EDI is both quick and efficient, the shipping industry is expected to benefit greatly from its adoption, particularly in the areas of bills of lading. Unfortunately, numerous technical and legal obstacles have slowed the introduction of EDI, with the chief impediment being the law's insistence on paper-based documentation.

Recently, however, several significant steps have been taken to promote the use of EDI. The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe these developments.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:UNCITRAL Model Law on EDI, EDI, bill of lading, negotiability, CMI Rules for Electronic Bills 1990, Bolero, Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1991, Utah Digital Signature Act 1995, Australian Sea Documents Bill 1996
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:Other law and legal studies
Research Field:Other law and legal studies not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in human society
UTAS Author:Livermore, J (Mr John Livermore)
ID Code:13687
Year Published:1998
Deposited By:Accounting and Accountability
Deposited On:1998-08-01
Last Modified:2013-03-06

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