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Pb-isotopic constraints on the source of A-type Suites: insights from the Hiltaba Suite - Gawler Range Volcanics Magmatic Event, Gawler Craton, South Australia

Citation

Chapman, ND and Ferguson, M and Meffre, SJ and Stepanov, A and Maas, R and Ehrig, KJ, Pb-isotopic constraints on the source of A-type Suites: insights from the Hiltaba Suite - Gawler Range Volcanics Magmatic Event, Gawler Craton, South Australia, Lithos, 346-347 Article 105156. ISSN 0024-4937 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2019.105156

Abstract

The 15951575 Ma Hiltaba Suite intrusives and coeval Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV) represent a significant crustal component of the Mesoarchean-Mesoproterozoic Gawler Craton, South Australia, and one of the largest silicic igneous provinces in the world. They are also spatially and temporally-affiliated with world-class IOCG mineral deposits (i.e. Olympic Dam) thus making an understanding of these rocks important both economically, and petrologically. Here, we present the results of 177 in situ Pb-isotopic analyses of alkali feldspar in the Hiltaba Suite/GRV, which when integrated with existing SmNd isotopic and geochemical data, reveal a craton-wide isotopic zoning. Pb-isotopic zonation is controlled by the varying interaction of a parental melt derived from a sub-continental lithospheric mantle (SCLM)-like enriched mantle reservoir (238U/204Pb ≤ 9.4, 232Th/238U ≤ 3.66) and twocrustal end-member reservoirs: an unradiogenic reservoir (207Pb/206Pb ≥ 0.97, 208Pb/204Pb ≥ 35.7) and a radiogenic reservoir (238U/204Pb ≥ 10, 232Th/238U ≥ 3.95). The SCLM-like reservoir exerts a strong control on Pb-isotopic compositions around the central-western Gawler Craton (Nuyts Terrane), while the unradiogenic reservoir which represents granulitic lower crust, appears to be spatially limited to the northwest of the Gawler Craton. The radiogenic reservoir, coincident with the IOCG province and probably represented by monazite-rich metasediments, is more prevalent in the eastern Gawler Craton. Correlation between melt-source 238U/204Pb(t) and 232Th/238U(t), with LREE (i.e. La, Ce etc) and HFSE (Zr, Nb etc) which are characteristically enriched in A-type magmas, suggest the importance of hybridisation between a crustal melt component and enriched-mantle-melt component in the formation of A-type magmas.

The isotopic and geochemical compositions of the ∼1592 Ma Lower GRV and ∼1588 Ma Upper GRV effectively bracket the Hiltaba Suite intrusive rocks, and thus provide an avenue for investigating the temporal Pb-isotopic development of a representative part of the Hiltaba Suite/GRV magmatic systems. The Pb-isotopic characteristics imply that either Lower and Upper GRV magma systems developed independently, or reflect a magmatic system evolving substantially over a ∼2 Ma period, dominated by mafic input at first (3 to 8% crustal melt; Lower GRV) and moving towards homogeneous, crustal, isotopic compositions with increased crustal melt proportions (15 to 20%) in the Upper GRV.

The consistency of these melt source constraints - isotopically, geochemically and proportionally - with other A-type suites around the world favours a unified petrogenetic model for A-types involving dominantly mantle-derived melts, with varying proportions of crustal material which impart characteristically LREE-HFSE enriched geochemical signatures.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Pb isotopes, A-type, petrology, Gawler Craton, Hiltaba
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geochemistry
Research Field:Isotope geochemistry
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Chapman, ND (Mr Nathan Chapman)
UTAS Author:Ferguson, M (Mr Matthew Ferguson)
UTAS Author:Meffre, SJ (Dr Sebastien Meffre)
UTAS Author:Stepanov, A (Mr Sasha Stepanov)
ID Code:136838
Year Published:2019
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (IH130200004)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:CODES ARC
Deposited On:2020-01-20
Last Modified:2020-04-07
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