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Spatial variability in responses to environmental conditions in Southern Hemisphere long-finned pilot whales

Citation

Hamilton, V and Evans, K and Raymond, B and Betty, E and Hindell, MA, Spatial variability in responses to environmental conditions in Southern Hemisphere long-finned pilot whales, Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 629 pp. 207-218. ISSN 0171-8630 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Inter-Research

DOI: doi:10.3354/meps13109

Abstract

Investigating past responses to variations in the marine environment can provide insights into how species might respond to future change. Using long-finned pilot whales Globicephala melas stranded in New Zealand (2011) and Australia (2012), we investigated relationships between tooth growth chronologies, as a proxy for energy budgets (which underpin population state), and interannual variations in broad-scale climate indices (Southern Oscillation Index [SOI], Indian Ocean Dipole [IOD]) and spatially explicit, seasonally averaged sea surface temperature (SST). Tooth chronologies from pilot whales that stranded in Australia had a positive relationship with the SOI and a negative relationship with the IOD. Those from New Zealand had a positive relationship with the SOI, but at a 1 yr lag. Positive SOI and negative IOD conditions are associated with increased storm activity across the southern Australian/New Zealand region. The resulting changes in regional SST, currents and frontal activity likely influences the distribution of prey resources and associated high-order predators such as pilot whales. Correlation maps between tooth growth chronologies and SSTs suggest differences in habitat utilisation between the 2 regional groups, with pilot whales stranded in Australia associating with the subtropical and subantarctic fronts south of Tasmania, and those stranded in New Zealand associating with a number of regions of seasonally enhanced productivity close to New Zealand. This study greatly enhances our understanding of the environmental conditions influencing populations of an insufficiently studied species in the region.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:pilot whale, foraging, energy budget, tooth growth chronology, Globicephala melas, Indian Ocean Dipole, Southern Oscillation Index, sea surface temperature
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Biological Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
UTAS Author:Hamilton, V (Mrs Vicki Hamilton)
UTAS Author:Evans, K (Dr Karen Evans)
UTAS Author:Raymond, B (Dr Ben Raymond)
UTAS Author:Hindell, MA (Professor Mark Hindell)
ID Code:136825
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2020-01-20
Last Modified:2020-05-25
Downloads:0

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