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Control of xylem Na+ loading and transport to the shoot in rice and barley as a determinant of differential salinity stress tolerance


Ishikawa, T and Shabala, S, Control of xylem Na+ loading and transport to the shoot in rice and barley as a determinant of differential salinity stress tolerance, Physiologia Plantarum, 165, (3) pp. 619-631. ISSN 0031-9317 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2018 Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society

DOI: doi:10.1111/ppl.12758


Control of xylem Na+ loading has often been named as the essential component of salinity tolerance mechanism. However, it is less clear to what extent the difference in this trait may determine differential salinity tolerance between species. In this study, barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. CM72) and rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Dongjin) plants were grown under two levels of salinity. Na+ and K+ concentrations in the xylem sap, and shoot and root tissues were measured at different time points after stress onset. Salt‐exposed rice plants prevented xylem Na+ loading for several days, but failed to control this process in the longer term, ultimately resulting in a massive Na+ shoot loading. Barley plants quickly increased xylem Na+ concentration and its delivery to the shoot (most likely for the purpose of osmotic adjustment) but were able to reduce this process later on, keeping most of accumulated Na+ in the root, thus maintaining non‐toxic shoot Na+ level. Rice plants increased shoot K+ concentration, while barley plants maintained higher root K+ concentration. Control of xylem Na+ loading is remarkably different between rice and barley; this difference may differentiate the extent of the salinity tolerance between species. This trait should be investigated in more detail to be used in the breeding programs aimed to improve salinity tolerance in crops.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:salinity, sodium, xylem loading
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Grains and seeds
Objective Field:Barley
UTAS Author:Ishikawa, T (Mr Tetsuya Ishikawa)
UTAS Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:136630
Year Published:2019 (online first 2018)
Web of Science® Times Cited:31
Deposited By:Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited On:2020-01-11
Last Modified:2020-04-02

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