Cleary, M and Singh, J and West, S and Rahkar Farshi, M and Lopez, V and Kornhaber, R, Drivers and consequences of self-immolation in parts of Iran, Iraq and Uzbekistan: a systematic review of qualitative evidence, Burns pp. 1-10. ISSN 0305-4179 (2020) [Refereed Article]
Method: A systematic review of qualitative studies was conducted in June 2018, using five electronic databases: PubMed, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), EMBASE, Scopus and PsycINFO. Of the 236 papers identified, seven met the inclusion criteria. Authors independently rated the reporting of included qualitative studies and thematic analysis was used to analyse the data.
Results: The drivers of self-immolation included marital and familial conflict, male-dominated culture, mental health disorders and economic and social factors. Survivors chose self-immolation in order to express their sense of a lack of control and mostly utilised this method due to its accessibility. The consequences of self-immolation were social isolation, regret, and physical and psychological impacts.
Conclusions: The reasons for self-immolation, its prevalence and the demographics of those who choose this means vary significantly between Asian Islamic and Western countries. This review confirmed the impact of culture, tradition, and societal structures and relationships on people's decisions to self-immolate. Education about the consequences of self-immolation may reduce the use of this method.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||self-immolation, burns, psychosocial, qualitative, systematic review|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Research Field:||Mental Health|
|Objective Group:||Health and Support Services|
|Objective Field:||Mental Health Services|
|UTAS Author:||Cleary, M (Professor Michelle Cleary)|
|UTAS Author:||Singh, J (Mr Jaskaran Singh)|
|UTAS Author:||West, S (Dr Sancia West)|
|UTAS Author:||Lopez, V (Professor Violeta Lopez)|
|UTAS Author:||Kornhaber, R (Dr Rachel Kornhaber)|
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