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Cluster patterns of behavioural risk factors among children: longitudinal associations with adult cardio-metabolic risk factors

Citation

Patterson, KAE and Ferrar, K and Gall, SL and Venn, A and Blizzard, L and Dwyer, T and Cleland, VJ, Cluster patterns of behavioural risk factors among children: longitudinal associations with adult cardio-metabolic risk factors, Preventive Medicine, 130 Article 105861. ISSN 1096-0260 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.105861

Abstract

Much of what is known about childhood clusters of cardiovascular disease behavioural risk factors (RFs) comes from cross-sectional studies, providing little insight into the long-term health impacts of different behavioural cluster profiles. This study aimed to establish the longitudinal relationship between cluster patterns of childhood behavioural RFs and adult cardio-metabolic RFs. Data were from an Australian prospective cohort study of 1265 participants measured in 1985 (ages 9–15 yrs), and in 2004–06 (ages 26–36 yrs). At baseline, children self-reported smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity (PA), dietary behaviour and psychological well-being. At follow-up, participants completed questionnaires and attended study clinics where the following component indicators of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) score were measured: waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and lipids. TwoStep cluster analyses were carried out to identify clusters in childhood. Linear regression was used to examine the longitudinal associations between cluster patterns of childhood behavioural RFs and adult cardiometabolic RFs. Four childhood cluster patterns of behavioural RFs labelled ‘most healthy’, ‘high PA’, ‘most unhealthy’, and ‘breakfast skippers’ were identified. The unhealthier childhood clusters predicted a significantly higher adult MetS score (‘most unhealthy’: β = 0.10, 95%CI = 0.01, 0.19) and adult waist circumference (‘most unhealthy’: β = 2.29, 95%CI = 0.90, 6.67; ‘breakfast skippers’: β = 2.15, 95%CI = 0.30, 4.00). These associations were independent of adult behavioural RFs and socio-economic position. These findings emphasise the impact of multiple childhood behavioural RFs on important adult health outcomes and may be useful for the development of early intervention strategies, where identification of children at higher risk of poorer adult cardio-metabolic health is vital.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:cluster analysis, youth, cardio-metabolic risk, young adulthood, prevention, metabolic syndrome
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
UTAS Author:Patterson, KAE (Dr Kira Patterson)
UTAS Author:Gall, SL (Associate Professor Seana Gall)
UTAS Author:Venn, A (Professor Alison Venn)
UTAS Author:Blizzard, L (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
UTAS Author:Dwyer, T (Professor Terry Dwyer)
UTAS Author:Cleland, VJ (Associate Professor Verity Cleland)
ID Code:136462
Year Published:2020
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2019-12-20
Last Modified:2019-12-20
Downloads:0

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