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The state of knowledge of harmful algal blooms of Margalefidinium polykrikoides (a.k.a. Cochlodinium polykrikoides) in Latin America


Lopez-Cortes, DJ and Nunez-Vazquez, EJ and Dorantes-Aranda, JJ and Band-Schmidt, CJ and Hernandez-Sandoval, FE and Bustillos-Guzman, JJ and Levya-Valencia, I and Fernandez-Herrera, LJ, The state of knowledge of harmful algal blooms of Margalefidinium polykrikoides (a.k.a. Cochlodinium polykrikoides) in Latin America, Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, (AUG) Article 463. ISSN 2296-7745 (2019) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2019 López-Cortés, Núñez-Vázquez, Dorantes-Aranda, Band-Schmidt, Hernández-Sandoval, Bustillos-Guzmán, Leyva-Valencia and Fernández-Herrera. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

DOI: doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00463


The marine dinoflagellate Margalefidinium polykrikoides is a harmful species that has affected aquaculture, fisheries and tourism activities. It produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as hemolytic and neurotoxic-like substances that have been associated with mass mortalities of marine organisms. It has a tropical and subtropical distribution that has mainly affected Asia and North America. The economic impacts for aquaculture industries have been estimated to be up to US$140M. In Latin America, no economic estimates have been performed. Harmful algal blooms by M. polykrikoides are more frequent in Mexico and Central America. Proliferations of this dinoflagellate are associated with winds, upwelling, convergence areas, local convection of seawater, and eutrophication of coastal areas by nitrogen and phosphorus compounds from rainwater runoff, as well as agricultural and aquaculture activities, into coastal waters. Eco-physiological and toxicological studies have provided detailed descriptions of the growth of algal strains from these regions and the harmful effects on fish and shrimp, as well as the role the production of ROS and polyunsaturated fatty acids in their toxicity. It is also possible that M. polykrikoides has an ecological role in the regulation of blooms of other harmful algae. In this contribution, we review the records of harmful algal blooms of M. polykrikoides in Latin America and the research that has been conducted with this species.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:algal blooms, dinoflagellates, Margalefidinium polykrikoides, Cochlodinium polykrikoides, HAB, Latin America
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Biological oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Natural hazards
Objective Field:Natural hazards not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Dorantes-Aranda, JJ (Dr Juan Dorantes Aranda)
ID Code:136457
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2019-12-20
Last Modified:2020-09-18
Downloads:23 View Download Statistics

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