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Using metamemory measures and memory tests to estimate eyewitness free recall performance

Citation

Saraiva, RB and Hope, L and Horselenberg, R and Ost, J and Sauer, JD and van Koppen, PJ, Using metamemory measures and memory tests to estimate eyewitness free recall performance, Memory, 28, (1) pp. 94-106. ISSN 0965-8211 (2020) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Memory on 7 November 2019, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1688835

DOI: doi:10.1080/09658211.2019.1688835

Abstract

Using a mock witness methodology, we investigated the predictive value of metamemory measures and objective memory tests as indicators of eyewitness free recall performance. Participants (n = 208) first completed a metamemory assessment that included assessments of self-rated memory capacity, memory development and use of strategies. In a separate session, participants watched a mock-crime video and provided a free recall account, followed by one out of four independent memory tests (i.e., free recall, cued recall, face recognition and general knowledge). Accuracy, amount of details reported, confidence and over/underconfidence in the eyewitness free recall were the main dependent variables. Results indicated three main findings: (1) subjective assessments of memory capacity were not related to eyewitness free recall performance; (2) although individual confidence and over/underconfidence was somewhat stable across different memory tests, accuracy was less stable; and (3) individuals with higher self-rated memory capacity had a slightly stronger confidence-accuracy relation in free recall. These results are discussed with respect to metamemory assessments and performance stability across memory tests of different domains.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:eyewitness testimony, confidence, free recall, memory, metamemory
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Forensic psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Sauer, JD (Dr Jim Sauer)
ID Code:136315
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-12-13
Last Modified:2020-12-10
Downloads:0

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