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Global drivers and tradeoffs of three urban vegetation ecosystem services

Citation

Dobbs, C and Nitschke, CR and Kendal, D, Global drivers and tradeoffs of three urban vegetation ecosystem services, PLoS ONE, 9, (11) Article e113000. ISSN 1932-6203 (2014) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Dobbs et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0113000

Abstract

Our world is increasingly urbanizing which is highlighting that sustainable cities are essential for maintaining human well-being. This research is one of the first attempts to globally synthesize the effects of urbanization on ecosystem services and how these relate to governance, social development and climate. Three urban vegetation ecosystem services (carbon storage, recreation potential and habitat potential) were quantified for a selection of a hundred cities. Estimates of ecosystem services were obtained from the analysis of satellite imagery and the use of well-known carbon and structural habitat models. We found relationships between ecosystem services, social development, climate and governance, however these varied according to the service studied. Recreation potential was positively related to democracy and negatively related to population. Carbon storage was weakly related to temperature and democracy, while habitat potential was negatively related to democracy. We found that cities under 1 million inhabitants tended to have higher levels of recreation potential than larger cities and that democratic countries have higher recreation potential, especially if located in a continental climate. Carbon storage was higher in full democracies, especially in a continental climate, while habitat potential tended to be higher in authoritarian and hybrid regimes. Similar to other regional or city studies we found that the combination of environment conditions, socioeconomics, demographics and politics determines the provision of ecosystem services. Results from this study showed the existence of environmental injustice in the developing world.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:urban forest, ecosystem services
Research Division:Built Environment and Design
Research Group:Urban and Regional Planning
Research Field:Land Use and Environmental Planning
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Urban and Industrial Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
UTAS Author:Kendal, D (Dr Dave Kendal)
ID Code:136125
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:35
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2019-12-02
Last Modified:2020-05-11
Downloads:0

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