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Conservation ecology of Tasmanian coastal saltmarshes, southeast Australia - a review


Prahalad, V and Kirkpatrick, JB and Aalders, J and Carver, S and Ellison, J and Harrison-Day, V and McQuillan, P and Morrison, B and Richardson, A and Woehler, E, Conservation ecology of Tasmanian coastal saltmarshes, southeast Australia - a review, Pacific Conservation Biology, 26, (2) pp. 105-129. ISSN 1038-2097 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 CSIRO

DOI: doi:10.1071/PC19016


Temperate Australian saltmarshes, including those in the southern island state of Tasmania, are considered as a threatened ecological community under Australian federal legislation. There is a need to improve our understanding of the ecological components, functional relationships and the key threatening processes of Tasmanian coastal saltmarshes and distil research priorities that could assist recovery actions. A semi-systematic review of the literature on Tasmanian coastal saltmarshes supported by expert local knowledge identified 75 studies from 1947 to 2019. Existing understanding pertains to saltmarsh plants, soils, invertebrates and human impacts with on-going studies currently adding to this knowledge base. Several knowledge gaps remain, and the present review recommends six key priority areas for research: (1) citizen science organised inventory of (initially) saltmarsh birds, plants and human impacts with the potential for expansion of data sets; (2) use of saltmarsh by marine transient species including fish and decapods; (3) use of saltmarsh and interactions with native and introduced mammals; (4) invertebrates and their interactions with predators (e.g. birds, fish) and prey (e.g. insects, plants, detritus); (5) historic saltmarsh loss and priority areas for conservation; (6) monitoring changes to saltmarsh due to both localised human impacts (e.g. grazing, eutrophication, destruction) and global change factors (e.g. climate change, sea-level rise). Addressing these research priorities will help in developing a better understanding of the ecological character of Tasmanian coastal saltmarshes and improve their conservation management.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:coastal wetlands, saltmarshes, biodiversity, coastal management, ecosystem services, conservation, systematic review
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems
UTAS Author:Prahalad, V (Dr Vishnu Prahalad)
UTAS Author:Kirkpatrick, JB (Professor James Kirkpatrick)
UTAS Author:Aalders, J (Mr John Aalders)
UTAS Author:Carver, S (Dr Scott Carver)
UTAS Author:Ellison, J (Associate Professor Joanna Ellison)
UTAS Author:Harrison-Day, V (Ms Violet Harrison-Day)
UTAS Author:McQuillan, P (Mr Peter McQuillan)
UTAS Author:Morrison, B (Ms Brigid Morrison)
UTAS Author:Richardson, A (Associate Professor Alastair Richardson)
UTAS Author:Woehler, E (Dr Eric Woehler)
ID Code:135460
Year Published:2020 (online first 2019)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2019-10-22
Last Modified:2020-09-21

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