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PaCTS 1.0: a crowdsourced reporting standard for paleoclimate data

Citation

Khider, D and Emile-Geay, J and McKay, NP and Gil, Y and Garijo, D and Ratnakar, V and Alonso-Garcia, M and Bertrand, S and Bothe, O and Brewer, P and Bunn, A and Chevalier, M and Comas-Bru, L and Csank, A and Dassie, E and DeLong, K and Felis, T and Francus, P and Frappier, A and Gray, W and Goring, S and Jonkers, L and Kahle, M and Kaufman, D and Kehrwald, NM and Martrat, B and McGregor, H and Richey, J and Schmittner, A and Scroxton, N and Sutherland, E and Thirumalai, K and Allen, K and Arnaud, F and Axford, A and Barrows, TT and Bazin, L and Birch, SEP and Bradley, E and Bregy, J and Capron, E and Cartapanis, O and Chiang, H-W and Cobb, K and Debret, M and Dommain, R and Du, J and Dyez, K and Emerick, S and Erb, MP and Falster, G and Finsinger, W and Fortier, D and Gauthier, N and George, S and Grimm, E and Hertzberg, J and Hibbert, F and Hillman, A and Hobbs, W and Huber, M and Hughes, ALC and Jaccard, S and Ruan, J and Kienast, M and Konecky, B and Le Roux, G and Lyubchich, V and Novello, VF and Olaka, L and Partin, JW and Pearce, C and Phipps, SJ and Pignol, C and Piotrowska, N and Poli, M-S and Prokopenko, A and Schwank, F and Stepanek, C and Swann, GEA and Telford, R and Thomas, E and Thomas, Z and Truebe, S and von Gunten, L and Waite, A and Weitzel, N and Wilhelm, B and Williams, J and Williams, JJ and Winstrup, M and Zhao, N and Zhou, Y, PaCTS 1.0: a crowdsourced reporting standard for paleoclimate data, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34, (10) pp. 1570-1596. ISSN 2572-4517 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 American Geophysical Union. An edited version of this paper was published by AGU.

DOI: doi:10.1029/2019PA003632

Abstract

The progress of science is tied to the standardization of measurements, instruments, and data. This is especially true in the Big Data age, where analyzing large data volumes critically hinges on the data being standardized. Accordingly, the lack of community-sanctioned data standards in paleoclimatology has largely precluded the benefits of Big Data advances in the field. Building upon recent efforts to standardize the format and terminology of paleoclimate data, this article describes the Paleoclimate Community reporTing Standard (PaCTS), a crowdsourced reporting standard for such data. PaCTS captures which information should be included when reporting paleoclimate data, with the goal of maximizing the reuse value of paleoclimate datasets, particularly for synthesis work and comparison to climate model simulations. Initiated by the LinkedEarth project, the process to elicit a reporting standard involved an international workshop in 2016, various forms of digital community engagement over the next few years, and grassroots working groups. Participants in this process identified important properties across paleoclimate archives, in addition to the reporting of uncertainties and chronologies; they also identified archive-specific properties and distinguished reporting standards for new vs. legacy datasets. This work shows that at least 135 respondents overwhelmingly support a drastic increase in the amount of metadata accompanying paleoclimate datasets. Since such goals are at odds with present practices, we discuss a transparent path towards implementing or revising these recommendations in the near future, using both bottom-up and top-down approaches.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:standards, FAIR, paleoclimate, paleoceanography, data, best practices
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Palaeoclimatology
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Understanding climate change not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hobbs, W (Dr Will Hobbs)
UTAS Author:Phipps, SJ (Dr Steven Phipps)
ID Code:135140
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2019-10-02
Last Modified:2020-01-29
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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