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Failure of risk assessment on ships: factors affecting seafarer practices


Ghosh, S and Daszuta, W, Failure of risk assessment on ships: factors affecting seafarer practices, Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, 11, (3) pp. 185-198. ISSN 1836-6503 (2019) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2019 Informa UK Limited

DOI: doi:10.1080/18366503.2019.1658277


Past analysis of marine accident investigations has revealed that inadequate risk assessment conducted on board ships lead to maritime accidents. The International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (ISM Code) provided an international standard for the safe operation of ships with risk assessment as one of the principal precepts of the Code. However, effective implementation of the process of risk management cannot be achieved without the active involvement of competent seafarers on board ships. This paper reviewed a compilation of empirical research publications regarding ship safety to infer the possible reasons for the failure of risk assessment by focusing on areas (training and competence, procedural approach, process verification, culture and organisation) that affect seafarer practices. The findings highlighted the challenges faced by the maritime industry that warrant attention at the organisational level. The challenges were classified as:

Lack of adequate training and competency in non-technical skills;

Failure of a procedural approach to risk management;

Risk perceptions, attitudes, and cultural/organisational factors; and

Process verification: lack of ownership and identification of safety objectives.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:risk assessment, seafarer, ISM Code, competence, safety
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime engineering
Research Field:Ship and platform structures (incl. maritime hydrodynamics)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Oceanic processes (excl. in the Antarctic and Southern Ocean)
UTAS Author:Ghosh, S (Dr Samrat Ghosh)
UTAS Author:Daszuta, W (Mr Waldemar Daszuta)
ID Code:135131
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Seafaring and Maritime Operations
Deposited On:2019-10-01
Last Modified:2019-12-24

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