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The success of water refill stations reducing single-use plastic bottle litter


Willis, K and Hardesty, BD and Vince, J and Wilcox, C, The success of water refill stations reducing single-use plastic bottle litter, Sustainability, 11, (19) Article 5232. ISSN 2071-1050 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (

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DOI: doi:10.3390/su11195232


Bottled water is one sector of the beverage industry that has recently experienced substantial growth. The littering of plastic water bottles and the carbon emissions produced from bottled water production results in harmful effects on the environment. To reduce the harm of bottled water production and litter, government and non-government organisations have implemented litter abatement and behavioural change strategies targeting bottled water consumption and subsequent loss of bottles to the environment. Our study evaluated the success of one of these strategies, which is a filtered water refill station, implemented along the Brisbane River in Queensland, Australia. We found plastic bottle litter decreased after a water refill station was put into operation. However, given the location of the refill station, we suggest the behavioural change strategy employed did not reach its full potential. We highlight factors that could be employed to achieve maximum benefits when implementing similar behavioural change strategies.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:river, behavioural change, plastic bottle, litter, water refill station, waste minimisation
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Policy and administration
Research Field:Environment policy
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems
UTAS Author:Willis, K (Dr Kathy Willis)
UTAS Author:Hardesty, BD (Dr Britta Hardesty)
UTAS Author:Vince, J (Dr Joanna Vince)
UTAS Author:Wilcox, C (Dr Chris Wilcox)
ID Code:135084
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Office of the School of Social Sciences
Deposited On:2019-09-27
Last Modified:2020-08-10
Downloads:51 View Download Statistics

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