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Classifying coping among entrepreneurs: is it about time?


Eager, B and Grant, SL and Maritz, A, Classifying coping among entrepreneurs: is it about time?, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 26, (4) pp. 486-503. ISSN 1758-7840 (2019) [Refereed Article]

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© Emerald Publishing Limited

DOI: doi:10.1108/JSBED-02-2018-0064


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore whether descriptions of functional coping strategies among entrepreneurs vary along temporal dimensions, from reactive or present oriented, to anticipatory or future oriented. Future-oriented coping is largely unexplored in stress and coping studies in the entrepreneurship literature, despite evidence that a future time perspective is advantageous for entrepreneurs. Design/methodology/approach – This study adopts an exploratory, qualitative approach: interviews were conducted with 22 entrepreneurs and coping strategies were classified, via thematic analysis, according to function, then time orientation. Findings – Results confirmed that entrepreneurs’ coping strategies can be classified according to conventional functional taxonomies of coping that emphasize form (affective, behavioral, cognitive) and direction (change, adapt, disengage), but additionally suggested that time orientation may be an important dimension for classifying coping strategies in the entrepreneurship context. Practical implications – The findings inform the assessment of coping strategies in future research on stress, coping and strain among entrepreneurs. In particular, researchers should assess temporal dimensions of coping alongside the functional dimensions which have been emphasized in past research. Assessment of meaningful dimensions of coping is necessary to identify adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies in future research. Knowledge of adaptive coping strategies among entrepreneurs can inform coping skills interventions for stress resilience. Originality/value – This study makes a unique contribution to the emergent body of literature on stress and coping among entrepreneurs by utilizing both functional and temporal coping taxonomies to identify relevant dimensions of coping for study in this context.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:entrepreneurship, stress, coping, time-orientation, future-orientation
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Strategy, management and organisational behaviour
Research Field:Entrepreneurship
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Eager, B (Dr Bronwyn Eager)
UTAS Author:Maritz, A (Mr Alex Maritz)
ID Code:134821
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Management
Deposited On:2019-09-06
Last Modified:2019-10-28

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