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BAFF-driven autoimmunity requires CD19 expression

Citation

Fairfax, KA and Tsantikos, E and Figgett, WA and Vincent, FB and Quah, PS and LePage, M and Hibbs, ML and Mackay, F, BAFF-driven autoimmunity requires CD19 expression, Journal of Autoimmunity, 62 pp. 1-10. ISSN 0896-8411 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jaut.2015.06.001

Abstract

B cell activating factor of the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF or BLyS) is a critical factor for B cell survival and maturation. BAFF-transgenic (BAFF-Tg) mice develop autoimmunity that resembles systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a T cell-independent but MyD88-dependent manner, implicating toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling. The specific B cell subtypes that make pro-inflammatory autoantibodies in BAFF-Tg mice are TLR-activated innate B cells known as marginal zone (MZ) and B1 B cells. These cells infiltrate the salivary glands and kidneys of diseased BAFF-Tg mice. However, loss of B1a or MZ B cells does not protect BAFF-Tg mice against disease, suggesting that B1b B cells might be the important pathogenic B cell subset. To test this hypothesis, we have generated BAFF-Tg mice that retained follicular B cells, but are deficient in B1a, B1b and MZ B cells, by crossing BAFF-Tg mice to CD19-deficient mice (BTg-CD19(-/-)). The BTg-CD19(-/-) mice did not produce autoantibodies and were protected from splenomegaly, kidney pathology and all signs of autoimmunity. This work suggests that B1b B cells, rather than MZ or B1a B cells, are sufficient and possibly required for the development of autoimmunity. Loss of the majority of innate-like B cells was able to protect BAFF-Tg mice from developing disease, so we can now conclude that autoimmunity induced by excessive BAFF production requires B1b B cells and CD19 signaling.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:autoimmunity, B1b cells, BAFF, BAFF-transgenic, CD19, MZ B cells
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Research Field:Cell Development, Proliferation and Death
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Immune System and Allergy
UTAS Author:Fairfax, KA (Dr Kirsten Fairfax)
ID Code:134780
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2019-09-04
Last Modified:2019-10-16
Downloads:0

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