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Acute Physical Exercise Can Infuence the Accuracy of Metacognitive Judgments

Citation

Palmer, MA and Stefanidis, K and Turner, A and Tranent, PJ and Breen, R and Kucina, T and Brumby, L and Holt, G and Fell, JW and Sauer, JD, Acute Physical Exercise Can Infuence the Accuracy of Metacognitive Judgments, Scientific Reports, 9 Article 12412. ISSN 2045-2322 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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© The Author(s) 2019. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

DOI: doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48861-3

Abstract

Acute exercise generally benefits memory but little research has examined how exercise affects metacognition (knowledge of memory performance). We show that a single bout of exercise can influence metacognition in paired-associate learning. Participants completed 30-min of moderate-intensity exercise before or after studying a series of word pairs (cloud-ivory), and completed cued-recall (cloud-?; Experiments 1 & 2) and recognition memory tests (cloud-? spoon; ivory; drill; choir; Experiment 2). Participants made judgments of learning prior to cued-recall tests (JOLs; predicted likelihood of recalling the second word of each pair when shown the first) and feeling-of-knowing judgments prior to recognition tests (FOK; predicted likelihood of recognizing the second word from four alternatives). Compared to no-exercise control conditions, exercise before encoding enhanced cued-recall in Experiment 1 but not Experiment 2 and did not affect recognition. Exercise after encoding did not influence memory. In conditions where exercise did not benefit memory, it increased JOLs and FOK judgments relative to accuracy (Experiments 1 & 2) and impaired the relative accuracy of JOLs (ability to distinguish remembered from non-remembered items; Experiment 2). Acute exercise seems to signal likely remembering; this has implications for understanding the effects of exercise on metacognition, and for incorporating exercise into study routines. Introduction

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:memory, metacognition, exercise
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Field:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
UTAS Author:Palmer, MA (Dr Matt Palmer)
UTAS Author:Stefanidis, K (Ms Kayla Stefanidis)
UTAS Author:Turner, A (Miss Ashlee Turner)
UTAS Author:Tranent, PJ (Mr Peter Tranent)
UTAS Author:Breen, R (Miss Rachel Breen)
UTAS Author:Kucina, T (Ms Talira Kucina)
UTAS Author:Brumby, L (Ms Laura Brumby)
UTAS Author:Holt, G (Mrs Glenys Holt)
UTAS Author:Fell, JW (Associate Professor James Fell)
UTAS Author:Sauer, JD (Dr Jim Sauer)
ID Code:134680
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-08-28
Last Modified:2019-09-18
Downloads:4 View Download Statistics

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